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The official definition of what personal hygiene is; ” Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases”.
This statement will apply to all Uniformed Services. Not only do they have to maintain a high standard so the public see them better but, they also have to have an extremely high of personal hygiene for their own pride but also the service that they represent.
Each service will have their own expected standard on what they want their employees to follow. This would include the appearance of them; this means how they would style their hair, nails, what cosmetics they wear and also tattoos. Personal Hygiene is important because firstly for our own health benefits such as keeping us away from illnesses and diseases ad also from spreading it to anyone else.
Secondary for social reasons. If you don’t keep good personal hygiene then other people might notice that you haven’t. It isn’t nice to over hear someone talk about your hygiene if it is bad e.g if you smell. This would be a major problem in the uniformed services as you are in front of the public and presenting to them most of the time.
In the Ambulance service personal hygiene is also key just like that Army but the reason is also because you come into contact with the pubic which need your assistance and if you don’t have good hygiene then, you could give them an infection or; if you don’t wash properly after treating them then the next person you could see might get something cross contaminated with them.
In the Army personal hygiene is key because you can be away from home and on expeditions for months and not be near any proper cleaning facilities so when you wash you need to be through so that you don’t get an infection or spread it to your colleagues.
In the Fire Service you need to have a clean shave otherwise your protective mask won’t fit properly.
Personal Hygiene also expands past washing and maintaining your personal appearance, it goes as far as maintaining a good level of fitness,  food ; water standards.
All uniformed services will want a good standards of fitness.  This is due to the extremely long days that they have to endure and also the level of physical exercise they have to do during the day.
Food and water standards would apply to any of the services travelling away from and base with running clean drinkable water or high rated food service. The way to keep water drinkable would be to firstly try and collect if from someone where which did not contain any foreign bodies; if this isn’t possible then you would have to add in sterilisation tablets and boil the water.

1.2 Describe the key principles of good personal hygiene
Good Personal Hygiene
The maintenance of personal hygiene is essential as it helps with you health and wellbeing overall. Not only is it beneficial to you but also anyone that you come into contact with. Poor personal hygiene does not only result in physical issues but it can also affect other aspect of your life e.g. emotionally and socially.
Alongside this having a good personal hygiene can get you into a routine. This can help with time management before going to work if you create a routine and, also at work because if you have effective time management during your hygiene routine then those skills can be transferable over to work or any other skill which you would require.
Personal Hygiene includes;
Brushing your teeth
Showering
Washing your hand
Clean home
Clean clothes
Plenty of sleep
I’m going to explain 4 of the above and what you should do to keep them up to a good standard and how they can contribute to good personal hygiene.
Brushing your teeth
You should brush your teeth after every meal but realistically twice a day. This helps to minimise the build of plaque on your teeth and any risk of teeth falling out. You should also visit your dentist every 6 months to check that your teeth are in good condition or if your need to change your oral habits.

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Showering
You should wash as often as possible but not everyday. An recommended showering routine for a normal working person is once every two days. Showering too regularly can sometimes lead to hair not having the essential oils in and also the skin not being able to soak up and essential vitamins either. But however don’t skip showering if you have done exercise as you need to get rid of the skins sells which have come off.
Sleep
Sleep is important as it lets you recharge your body after a hard days work. Ideally everyone should be getting between 8-10 hours of sleep a night. Lack of sleep can make you tired which can lead to mistakes and also your immune system will get affected.
Washing your hands
Washing your hands should be done after you have touched anything which anyone else might have or anything you have done which was dirty and could spread. This could be things like if you sneeze or cough, also if you were on public transport as you might not know what someone has touched before you.

1.3 Explain the risks associated with poor personal hygiene
Poor Personal Hygiene
Poor hygiene can also have a range of effects on your body as well. The main example would be that if you had a build up of sweat then that would cause loads of bacteria and, this can lead to bad body odour or B.O. Not maintaining personal hygiene can also lead to you have skin breakdowns which cause sores and in some cases can lead to infection and extreme pain. Alongside this, the other effect is that it can affect your mental health. This would be things such as a loss in self confidence, insecurity and a low self-esteem.
There can be many reasons why someone might have poor personal hygiene. Some reasons maybe that they are embarrassed of their bodies or they are in pain and are unable to wash.    
Here is 4 standout examples of poor personal hygiene and their consequences.
Body Odor
One of the first and most prominent consequences of bad hygiene is body odor. This occurs when you do not wash regularly and sweat builds up. As bacteria thrives in unwashed sweat, overtime their byproducts produces the smell commonly associated with body odor. Body odor may also come from poor bathroom habits.
Dental Disease
Not only can poor dental hygiene lead to bad breath, it can also lead to dental diseases. As you allow food particle and bacteria to build up on your teeth, a coating called plague begins to form. The bacteria in this plague releases acid, which breaks down the enamel on your teeth.
As this process continues over time, a hard substance called calculus can form on the teeth irritating the surrounding gums. This irritation can progress into gingivitis, leading to inflammation of the gum, which can later lead to gum disease. This would eventually destroy your teeth.
Bad Breath
Bad breath is an easy example of  poor hygiene. It commonly develops from not regularly brushing your teeth. Bad breath results because of two main reasons:
First bacteria thrives on food particles that can stick to your teeth. As the bacteria digests this food, their byproducts results in odor.
Food can also get stuck in your teeth and rot over time, producing a foul odor.
General Diseases
Hygienic practices such as washing your hands is the most effective way to prevent getting diseases and spreading diseases. Your hands are in constant contact with both the environment and your face, providing easy way of getting anything from the surface of an infected object or person to your nose and mouth.
Washing your hands with clean running water and soap helps reduce the amount of bacteria on your skin, reducing your chance of contracting a disease such as common as a cold or the flu.

1.1 Describe hygiene issues relating to the uniformed services
Hygiene in the Uniformed Services
Ambulance
The first issue is cross contamination. This could happen of you wear the same pair of gloves when you are treating one patient then using the same pair when going to treat another.

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