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The goal of this thesis is to explore the hydropolitics in the Nile river basin and the conflict and cooperation potential over water between Egypt-Ethiopia. Drawing on two major hypotheses that the first one is that water is a source of conflict that drives Egypt and Ethiopia into confrontation in regard to water right. Second is water is a too valuable resource to fight for between the two countries resulting in cooperation. Sketching on hydropolitcal and hydro-hegemony theories, will be of great
Importance to analyze the transboundary water management (TWM) in terms of interaction between conflict and cooperation. This will help to understand water issue in the Nile basin between Egypt and Ethiopia in a balanced manner and how water is distributed and exploited among the existing powers in the basin and where it leads to conflict and cooperation. Using the work of Cascao and Zeitoun who established the foundation of hydropilitical and the role of hydro-hegemony theories to interpret the
transboundary water management, I will explore in depth their key concepts of power and hegemony. In next part, I will discuss the hydrological impacts on Egypt-Ethiopia conflict over the Nile basin, and the construction of the Renaissance Dam using the quantitative method of analysis collected via satellite as helpful data to understand the conflict in the river. The last part brings a different conclusion that “water dispute don’t cause violent conflict” instead conflicts are driven by identity.
The important part of this study is explores the hydrology state in three case studies amongst the Nile basin.

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