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The botanical garden has not only revived garden history, it has also created a better framework for preserving Botanical Gardens’ collection of over millions of plants species for posterity. Expectations have been fully met thanks to a complete professional effort.
Long before the term “biodiversity” appeared, botanic gardens were doing activities that are now associated with it.
Plants are essential for human survival
Plants provide food, clothing, housing, medicine and other things directly or indirectly to humans; plants produce oxygen for us to breathe through photosynthesis; plants promote the formation of rainwater and water the earth. The beauty of plants can soothe people’s fatigue, stimulate imagination and nourish the human mind. In short, humans cannot survive without the plant.
Botanical gardens combine two important things: pleasure and scientific research. For many, it’s not a logical association. The visit of a botanical garden simply allows you to relax, to forget for a moment the stress of the city and the daily life. The garden is also a source of knowledge for research into the use of plants. Even today we discover a plant that have not been described and that is why the Botanical Garden of Berlin seeks to transmit this knowledge.
Botanical gardens are a unique environment to raise awareness and the importance of biodiversity to the general public, to help them become aware of current threats and to realize that nature conservation is deal with each of us.
Ex situ conservation, that is, the cultivation of wild plants out of their environment, has several advantages, It is rather one of the elements of a global strategy for the conservation of species in their environment. It also helps to remove wild populations from the pressures of scientists, horticulturists or collectors. Indeed, the presence of a rare species in a botanical garden makes it available for scientific research, education and possible horticultural or commercial exploitation without affecting wild populations. Ex situ conservation can also serve as an “insurance policy” for endangered species by creating a protected reserve of seedlings of particularly vulnerable species or populations.
Xiamen Garden Botanical Garden Since its establishment in 1960 to 2014, Xiamen Botanical Garden has introduced and collected more than 7,000 species (including varieties) of plants, and built pine groves, rose gardens, bamboo trails, palm islands, and sandy plant areas. 15 special parks such as Araucaria sylvestris forest, rainforest plant world, vine plant area, flower garden, medicinal plant area, colorful leaf shrub area, Baihua Hall, cycad garden, introduction and domestication area, and city garden. There are more than 200 kinds of rare and protected plants such as golden tea, enamel, pen tree, ginkgo, metasequoia, yew and cycad
Today, this role is increasingly broadened to include research into not only the plant species but also the ecosystems in which they live. Botanic gardens are an ideal environment for research as their collections and libraries provide documentary resources and the necessary facilities, such as laboratories, greenhouses, grow chambers, herbarium and data management system, are present on site.

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