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Soil the most crucial element in combating climate change and ecological restoration through controlling the global carbon cycle. It is the largest carbon pool in terrestrial carbon cycle containing 3 times more carbon than world’s vegetation, and 2 times the atmospheric carbon Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) stores major greenhouse gases and it is important for increasing soil quality, maintaining and developing food production and reducing CO2 from the atmosphere (Shaheen et al., 2017). Managing soil organic carbon (SOC) through sustainable agricultural practices has become a widely recognized strategy for restoring vulnerable soil resources. This is because soils are a major carbon reservoir in terrestrial ecosystems. The SOC pool stores an estimated amount of 1500 petagram of carbon (Pg C) in the first meter of soil which is more carbon than what is contained in the atmosphere (roughly 800 Pg C) and terrestrial vegetation (500 Pg C) combined Therefore, a relatively small change in the soil C pool can considerably mitigate or enhance CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere (Muktar et al., 2018). According to Shasheen 2017, Carbon sequestration in soil reduces atmospheric C and acts as a source of nutrient for soil biota. Biomass Carbon is transferred to soil through decomposition, which increases the SOC.

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