Rabbit in Australia
Oryctolagus cuniculus, commonly known as the rabbit, is an invasive species brought to Australia in the 18th century. Despite only small numbers arriving with the First Fleet in 1788, the rabbit has become a widespread pest across the country and due to the fact that a single female rabbit can produce up to 14 babies per litter.
Question 1- Appearance
Rabbits are small, furry, mammals with long ears, short fluffy tails and strong, large hind legs. They can come in many colours such as brown, white or black. They have buck teeth located at the front of their mouth, one pair on top and one pair on the bottom. They also have 2 peg teeth behind the top ones.
Oryctolagus cuniculus or rabbits eat most types of dead or fresh grasses and plants which provides the largest portion of the rabbit’s diet. Rabbits will also eat bark on trees, twigs and sprouts, fruits, seeds and other foods in much small amounts.
The natural habitat of the rabbit depends on the rabbit’s species. Their habitats include meadows, woods, forests, grasslands, deserts, wetlands and underground burrows or warrens. Many of the rabbits now in Australia are from Europe and can breed more than usual due to the mild winters. Rabbits are very social animals that enjoy the companionship of others and in their natural environment they live in groups, known as litters. This increases the chances of reproduction.