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1. Use an example to describe what is meant by motivation.

Motivation is one of the key elements to success. It usually grows within an individual when he/she gets the taste of wanting to achieve something they are longing for. Being motivated is a really important thing when it comes to today’s competition on the outside world. Motivation can be either extrinsic or intrinsic, which means it can either originate from outside or within an individual. Extrinsic motivation alludes to conduct that is driven by outside prizes, for example, cash, notoriety, evaluations, and acclaim. This sort of motivation emerges from outside the individual. Intrinsic motivation alludes to conduct that is driven by inside prizes. From a young age to an adult, every individual requires motivation in order to represent themselves in certain periods of their lives. While thinking about an employee, motivation is much vital, so, as to get the result of the work productively. Well-motivated employees will be glad and significantly more committed towards their work. Employee motivation is the level of vitality, responsibility, and imagination that an organization’s laborers convey to their occupations. Either an organization is developing or contracting it is the administration’s worry/obligation to inspire the employees to convey the organization to a steady level. There has been numerous theories set forward to clarify the ideas of “Motivation”.

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There might be numerous great cases of motivation. The following are five motivation cases:
A man who is persuaded by the want for accomplishment or status may spend numerous hours contemplating, apply to graduate school, and wish to wind up as a school teacher.
A man who is spurred by cash may want to work more hours for higher pay, or acknowledge a vocation as a sales representative in which the compensation depends on the quantity of items sold.
A man who is propelled by the want for self-articulation may choose to wind up an author may spend numerous hours composing stories.
A man who is roused by the want to help other people may turn into a volunteer for a charitable and give a noteworthy measure of cash to charities.
A man who is inspired by the need to discover significance in life may want to have a vocation that is higher in significance and bring down in pay than work that is higher in pay and lower in meaning.
Siemens Company is an extraordinary illustration which can be talked with respect to inspiration. Siemens have been enrolling individuals who are as yet considering, the ones who can work and concentrate together however with a lower pay which will spur them to enhance in their work. They have been executing some idea which will persuade the workers to an unheard of level. A portion of the ways are
Giving them an imaginative domain to work
They are given the chance to try various kinds of roles
They are offered chances to ponder for a designing degree while working
Motivation theories have been further explained by a certain number of people
Some of them are;
Frederick Taylor – Observation of Employee Progression
Abraham Maslow – Hierarchy of Needs
Frederick Herzberg – Two Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction
The observation theory for the most part states about the collaboration between the errand and laborers. It included watching laborers to perceive how they completed errands.
In Fredrick Taylor’s theory work was separated into little units which required just small comprehension from the laborers. This demonstrates installments are offered to the individuals who created the most. This working way is altogether different from the needs of the cutting edge world. Next is the “hierarchy of need” which was advanced in 1954 which was spoken to as a triangle by Abraham Maslow. At the base it contained the fundamental need which drive individuals to work. It food, water, warmth, shelter and clothing. Social need are for the most part about gatherings and things. Self-esteem needs incorporates rewards that prizes them in their work environment. It is likewise about one’s maximum capacity. At that point comes the security for employer stability and monetary security to satisfy the essential needs. What’s more, the two factor hypothesis which was advanced by Fredrick Herzberg states around two components which is Motivators (or satisfiers) and Hygiene factors (dissatisfies). Motivators (or satisfiers) implies the work nature is imperative for them to fill in, as a portion of the representatives lean toward what they do in their work and it makes them upbeat. For an illustration opportunity for self-awareness, accomplishment, acknowledgment are a few cases that fulfill individuals in their work put. Cleanliness factors are things that can upset an employee in the working environment, for example, organization arrangements which may baffle them and make deterrent, administration and poor pay.

Siemens ensure all the above requirements are satisfied which will influence the workers to infer towards progress. Motivators who are the Siemens are the principle factor which empowers the employees at the company to work in the most ideal way. By such acts the representatives who work at the company, the result of the procedure will be exact while they get focal points in their work.

2. Explain why Taylorism is an inappropriate theory of motivation for engineers within a modern workplace setting.

Motivating workers is a critical part for managers. Previously, as crafted by Frederick Taylor delineated, motivation theory connected nearly to pay and yield. People now should be motivated in a totally unique manner. Taylorism influences individuals to work to the pace of machines to expand generation. Workers are paid to create, not to think. Connecting pay to yield appeared to be coherent and still has some esteem today.

For a long time, employees tried to keep up as the assembling pace expanded. After some time, quality endured as workers took easy routes and even missed issue on the grounds that the machines moved too quick to keep up. Pay was regularly a spark, yet the purpose of consistent losses can come about, where it starts to be excessively expensive, making it impossible to include more generation and where motivation goes down as workers understand that each time they achieve an objective, the objective is expanded and they will never keep up. Taylorism expects individuals to work to the pace of a machine, without pondering how to carry out the activity; another person has effectively done their reasoning for them. Engineers need to sit and ponder better approaches to get things done.

In present day times, engineers are talented laborers who must work imaginatively with their brains. This isn’t generally supported by Taylorism. Taylorism is extremely best utilized on physical assignments. It decides how to achieve those errands most rapidly and productively. This does not demonstrate how such method can be utilized to influence the brain to work or innovative work to be accomplished more effectively or more rapidly.
3. What are the similarities and differences between the theories of Maslow and Herzberg?
Similarities:
Both utilize a various leveled scale. Where one phase should first be completely or generally finished before progressing to the following stage
Both depend on the contention that “we act as we do in light of the fact that we are endeavoring to satisfy inward needs.” (Bartol et al., 2005) i.e. needs hypothesis
They both determine the criteria with reference to what rouses individuals. Be that as it may, this is disputable in light of the fact that business people and individuals from various societies have distinctive esteems and standards, and in this way have diverse criteria or have criteria which are seen as more imperative e.g. Greek and Japanese representatives expressed that security and physiological needs are more imperative to them, though workers from Norway and Sweden saw belongingness needs as being more vital.
Herzberg’s cleanliness thought relates with Maslow’s Physiological, Safety and Belongingness needs i.e. they both have similar criteria (essential pay, work conditions etc…)
Additionally, Herzberg’s help’s thought compares with Maslow’s Esteem and Self-Actualization needs i.e. they both have similar criteria (acknowledgment, development, accomplishment etc…).
The two speculations are impacted by ecological conditions, worker mentalities and accordingly, their inspiration. These impact a worker’s execution.

Differences:
Maslow says that each phase of the five must be completely or to a great extent finished before progressing to the following stage. However, Herzberg proposed that there were just two phases (cleanliness and inspirations) rather than five.
Maslow said that satisfying each stage is a helper, however Herzberg said that satisfying the cleanliness arrange just outcomes in a worker being in impartial state and that fulfillment and inspiration just originates from the second stage.

4. How does a company like Siemens benefit from the use of motivation theories to influence its management style and strategies?
A motivated employee is somebody that buckles down in light of the fact that they feel satisfied and cheerful in the working environment and prone to be more beneficial. The structure of Siemens inspires people by engaging them to enhance forms. Siemens gives the kind of condition where specialists can learn new things and are given the chance to advance inside the business. This culture exhibits that Siemens esteems its employees and volunteers the up and coming age of engineers. Siemens employees have the esteem that they are permitted to be inventive and can impact their possess work. A motivated workforce puts more vitality into work so as to accomplish the required results. Motivated employees feel that their work is extraordinary. They are urged to take pride in what they do. There is low non-attendance since employees are glad to go to work. People are more faithful to the association and remain longer on the grounds that their needs are being met. Management theories are executed to help increment hierarchical profitability and administration quality. Motivation is essentially imperative since it enables the organization to interface with the employees and enable them to accomplish their fundamental needs throughout everyday life and as an arrival the profitability increments to an unheard of level and more effective items are delivered.

In Siemens only one out of every odd employees and directors utilize a particular theory or idea while executing procedures in the working environment. It is the managements, it is their duty to guarantee their employees are fulfilled and motivated. The advantages can be additionally clarified by the principle theories which are been utilized as a part of numerous organizations including the Siemens. There are various advantages of having motivated employees.
Abraham Maslow – Hierarchy of Needs
The Hierarchy of need says that “Individuals have needs”. A need implies absence of something, something which they need. This is the fundamental reason that drive and motivates employees to fulfill their necessities. Keeping in mind the end goal to satisfy their requirements employees put their full exertion and devotion which implies items with high productivity which can be relied upon to be delivered. So for an employee to achieve the largest amount in Maslow’s theory which is Self-actualization an individual needs to work with full commitment and he/she needs to continue creating. In spite of what circumstance a worker have begun working in Siemens organization persuades their employees by giving an individual’s essential needs so consequently they get higher profitability also.

Frederick Herzberg – Two Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction
They are Motivators and Hygiene Factors. In excess of a higher pay in one’s compensation an employee dependably search forward for security, work satisfaction and open doors for development and headway. All together for an organization to have great association with the employees they should for the most part take after the Herzberg’s helper factor (satisfaction) they are accomplishment, acknowledgment, obligation, development. Furthermore, organization must anticipate lessen cleanliness factors (dissatisfaction, for example, undesirable organization strategies, high supervision, work condition and so on.

Frederick Taylor – Observation of Employee Progression
Fredrick Taylor principally expressed that management ought to have a decent perception over the employees which guarantees that there are no deficiencies that would happen while delivering items. Next, he proposed that compensation must be conceded to the amount that they deliver by which the employees are exceptionally energetic to expand their generation as boosts in salary. In his Scientific Management theory the fundamental modern building standard was to make a framework where squandering was profoundly maintained a strategic distance from. By doing it the production, production control, production design, quality increases highly. By this procedure an organization can see diminishes underway cost.

Subsequent to considering every one of the theories of motivation the advantages for the management of an organization are
Increase in profitability
Increase in deals
Decrease in squander
Decrease in Cost of the creation
Better understanding between the business and the representative
Quality of the item increments
Because of these theories it is best for an organization like Siemens to follow the above techniques to see change in management style and strategies. Most specialists truly don’t leave for cash however managers jump at the chance to hear it is the cash, since that moves the fault for losing employees from themselves and onto different parts of the association.
And furthermore the management ought to dependably search forward for new thoughts which will motivate their employees to be cheerful and fulfilled in their work.

References
YouTube. (2018). Frederick Taylor Scientific Management. online Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNfy_AHG-MU Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

Recklies, D. (2018). Motivation – Basic Concepts and Theories. online Themanager.org. Available at: http://www.themanager.org/2014/12/motivation-basic-concepts-and-theories/. Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

Develop Good Habits. (2018). 24 Intrinsic Motivation Examples in the Workplace, Sports, and the Classroom. online Available at: https://www.developgoodhabits.com/intrinsic-motivation-examples/ Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

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